How to Port Forward and Create a Static IP in Win XP
Optimize torrents with port forwarding and static IP address...
There are several reasons why you may want to change the listen port of your bit torrent client, and/or create a static IP address for your Internet connection.
Many users find that the default settings for some torrent clients are not correctly configured for use behind a wireless router or hub. With the growing amount of available torrents from legal sources, it is becoming more essential to get the best out of your torrent client.
Changing your IP settings is not a task for the novice user, is you are unsure if you need to change the listening port of your torrent client, then it’s best left alone. This guide is aimed at those who, for whatever reason, have found that their listening port is block resulting in slow downloads and blocked uploads.
First you will need to configure your torrent client. There are many different clients out there, it would be almost impossible to cover all of them. For this guide I used BitComet running on Windows XP.
Other clients maybe set up slightly different, but the theory behind this tweak remains the same.
Open BitComet and click Tools > Options > Connection
Here is where you change your listening port. Without going into detail about what particular port to use, it is recommended that you chose a number between 49152 and 65534. Using a value within this range will ensure the port you chose is not blocked.
Be sure to make a note of what listening port you choose.
Next, you need to uncheck the box labeled ‘Enable UPnP Port Mapping (XP only)’.
This should be directly underneath where you selected the listen port. If you can not find this option in the Connections menu, navigate to Advanced > Connection.
Note: If you run multiple computers on your network, you must do this for each computer.
Now you need to set your static IP. To do this you need to get some details by accessing the command prompt.
Click start > Run… > Type cmd or command
This will open the command prompt window.
Now type ipconfig/all to display the info your are looking for.
Now write down the IP address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateways and both DNS Servers.
Close the command prompt.
Next, click start > Control Panel > Network Connections
Here you will see the available networks on your computer, find the network you are using to connect to the Internet, right click and select Properties.
Navigate to Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) > Properties > and select Use the following IP address.
It is a good idea to write down these settings so you can restore them if anything goes wrong.
Now you need to choose a new static IP address to enter in the field. To select the best IP address, refer to the original IP address, you only need to change the end value somewhere in between 1 and 254.
For example if your IP address was 192.168.1.1, you could choose something like 192.168.1.45, 192.168.1.12, or 192.168.1.234 etc.
Once you have done that you can start entering the other details you took from the command prompt.
If you can not open web pages after you have changed these settings, the problem probably lies in the DNS numbers you entered. Check the numbers and try again. If this doesn’t work you can call your ISP and they will tell you the correct DNS numbers
Note: If you have multiple computers running on your network, you must assign each computer a different static IP address to avoid conflicting IPs.
Next you need to configure your router to accept the listening port you have chosen.
There are so many different models that it would be time consuming to say the least, to list a step by step guide for every router. However one site has done just that is portforward.com, if they do not a have a guide for specific model, I would be very surprised.
For this guide I used a ZyXEL P-660HW-D1 wireless router. Not matter what router you use, the options should be labeled in a similar way.
First you need to login to your router by entering the original IP address in your Internet browsers address field e.g: http://192.168.1.1
This will bring up the login page for your router. The default password should be admin.
Once you are logged in, navigate to Network > NAT
Now select the Port Forward tab.
Here you are going to create a new ‘user’ and assign the new IP address.
Select User Define from the drop down menu.
Now you must enter the details for the user.
The Service Name can be anything you choose. I chose BitCom1
Start Port and End Port = the listening port you selected.
Server IP Address = the new static IP you selected.
Click Apply and go back to Port Forward menu.
You will see your new user here, make sure the check box is selected and click Apply.
Next you need to deselect the Active Firewall check box.
Navigate to Security > Firewall > uncheck the Active Firewall box and click Apply
Now your done, logout of your router;’s admin area.
Note: If you run multiple computers on your network, you must create a different user for each static IP.
There is one last thing you should do to ensure your new configuration will work.
Click start > Control Panel > Security Center > Windows Firewall
Navigate to the Exceptions tab and you should see all the programs that require access to the Internet.
Here you should select all boxes associate with your torrent client. By doing this you are allowing your new listening port to access and receive information from the Internet. Note that this will decrease your computer’s security so you should be extra diligent when browsing and download from the web.
You will also need to select the UPnP Framework box.
Click OK and your done!
Now your new static IP address should be set and your torrent client should be showing that your listening port is open.
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